Genealogies of Modernity II: Possible Modernities between Medieval and Enlightenment
POSSIBLE MODERNITIES BETWEEN
MEDIEVAL AND ENLIGHTENMENT
JUNE 11TH – JUNE 15TH, 2018
@THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
(Image: Tree of Jesse, London, British Library, MS Harley 1892, f. 31v.)
When or how did we become modern? Or is modernity a fiction, both of the past and present? Genealogies of Modernity is an interdisciplinary seminar launched last year to interrogate the role of the “age of reform” (roughly 1350-1600) in influential genealogical accounts of the modern world, and also to explore competing movements within that same age that might expand our imagination for life in our own. In its next iteration this summer, GenMod II, we will extend our investigation into accounts of the Enlightenment, connecting them back to the age of reform and ahead to the present era. (Collegium will also host GenMod III: Global Genealogies of Early Modernity in summer 2019 –some details below.)
Modernity is a concept that is frequently used in a variety of fields, from academic research to public policy. However, what constitutes modernity is poorly understood, in part because it is a relational category, as the Latin roots of the word suggest: the Latin adjective modernus came into use in the late fifth century as a way of demarcating the present versus a cultural moment that had already receded into the past. “Modernity” as a concept came along much later. Yet “modernity” has taken root and ramified in ways that have consequences. This seminar proposes to investigate various accounts of when, where, and how “modernity” took shape as a way to reveal how the past has helped to shape the present and to understand better how these various approaches can provide resources to shape the future.
Each academic discipline has developed its own definition of what constitutes “modernity” and narrated the stories of how and why it emerged in a given place at a particular moment. Often, a single academic discipline will enfold multiple contrasting narrations of the emergence of modernity. Frequently such accounts appeal to large, structural changes: the emergence of a global economic system, the rise of the nation-state and colonialism, and the emergence of institutional science are but three examples of this sort of master narrative. Such structural accounts undoubtedly have merit. However, this project draws out some of the intellectual and cultural threads that often unconsciously subtend these master narratives. Our project aims to tease out elements of late medieval and early modern culture that will bring greater legibility to the manifold passages to modernity–and their alternatives.
Genealogy is a flexible term that enfolds a variety of approaches to the question of heritability. A biological approach to genealogy tracks the evolution of a genotype; a juridical construction of genealogy decides how citizenship is passed down through generations, with each country constructing its own set of laws that govern access to its passport; Nietzschean genealogy demonstrates the radical contingency of social formations and intellectual traditions.
Each kind of genealogy is appropriate for a particular set of circumstances, but each can also be abused by application to the wrong circumstances. Likewise, exclusive reliance on a single kind of genealogical inquiry can obscure other dimensions of historical phenomena. Our goal is to understand the affordances and limitations of these methods more clearly. Despite longstanding, pervasive aversion to grand narratives, the historical disciplines continue to grapple with questions of heritability. To wit: even as scholars express skepticism about the very notion of modernity, they nevertheless leverage the concept daily and feel quite comfortable identifying the period 1200-1700 as Early Modern. This double move of use and disavowal creates cognitive dissonance that is ripe for examination. This seminar’s focus on existing genealogies and on genealogical methods will allow a diverse group of scholars to consider how the analogy of genealogy and heritability functions in their own disciplines and how it might open new areas for collaboration among them.
The first four days of the five-day seminar will be led by faculty specialists focusing on a specific genealogy in their own disciplines – history, philosophy, theology, literary studies, art history, and music. The final day offers grad participants an opportunity to reflect on the week’s themes through the lens of their own work. Graduate students across the humanities, whether they are new to the project or returning from last summer’s seminar, are welcome to apply.
*Acceptance to this seminar includes coverage of all expenses for the duration of the workshop. This includes room, board, and texts. Participants are responsible for their travel to and from the workshop.*