The End of Human Life

Clinical Bioethics in the Catholic Tradition
The Parable of the Good Samaritan by Jan Wijnants (1670)
The Parable of the Good Samaritan by Jan Wijnants (1670)

A Three-Part Intensive Series (March 24th – April 7th – April 21st).
When: The seminar meets every other Tuesday evening from 6:00 – 7:30 p.m.
Where: Houston Hall 223, Golkin Room (3417 Spruce Street, University of Pennsylvania)


The Catholic Tradition has a long history of bioethical reasoning and decision making concerning end of life issues. Yet, what ought to be done in specific cases is still challenging for clinicians as well as for patients and their families. These seminars will analyze contemporary real world cases in light of Catholic Bioethics. The goals of each seminar include: 1) furthering participants understanding of the philosophical foundations of the Tradition; 2) enhancing understanding of specific teachings regarding end of life care; and 3) developing skills of practical clinical ethics decision making. These are interactive seminars designed to present material in an engaging format for active learning.

No Advanced Reading or Preparation Required! Those who attend all three sessions will receive a Certificate of Completion.

Session I:What is the End of Life: Ethical Decisions Surrounding Brain Death
The Cases of Jaci McGrath and Malise Munoz

What qualifies as brain death? Who decides? What is the Church’s view on the moral status of brain death and what do we owe the unconscious and the dead? What do we owe to fetuses in the context of a brain dead mother.

Session II:Choosing Well at the End of Life: Ethical Decisions Regarding Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment by Self and Others
The Cases of Nancy Cruzan, Christopher Reeves, and Tim Bowers

When is it permissible to forego life-sustaining treatment? Is there a moral distinction between withholding and withdrawing end of life care? What are the unique ethical challenges regarding withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH)? Can advanced directives and living wills ever be ignored ethically and if so in what contexts?

Session III: Securing Dignity at the End of Life: Decision Making and Hastening Death
The Cases of Theresa Ann Campo Pearson and Brittany Maynard

What is the meaning of “dignity” when we say “Death with Dignity?” Can we ever hasten or cause dying to prevent suffering or to help others? What is the duty of the physician when adequate pain management entails hastening death? Do we have the right to die and if so what does it mean? Is there inherent value in suffering? What if the good to be achieved by death seems so much greater than continued life? What is the ethically appropriate role of the treating physician in these cases?


Sarah-Vaughan Brakman is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University. Professor Brakman’s scholarship focuses on clinical bioethics and has been published in, among other places, The Hastings Center Report, The American Journal of Bioethics, Human Reproduction, Hypatia, and Philosophy in the Contemporary World. Professor Brakman is co-editor of the book, The Ethics of Embryo Adoption and the Catholic Tradition (Springer, 2007) and is a nationally recognized expert in the area of the ethics of embryo donation, serving as such for the Department of Health and Human Services. In addition to her work on numerous ethics committees throughout the Philadelphia area, Professor Brakman is the Ethics Consultant and Chair of the National Ethics Committee of Devereux, the largest non-profit provider of behavioral and mental healthcare across the United States, where she also serves as a voting member of the Institutional Review Board (IRB).


Kristen Carey Rock is an Assistant Professor in Anesthesia and Critical Care, and a practicing anesthesiologist and intensivist at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. She has written articles on bioethics in the Penn Bioethics Journal and The Ethics of Embryo Adoption and the Catholic Tradition: Moral Arguments, Economic Reality, Social Analysis (Springer, 2008).



To register for the seminar, please click here.

Global Christianity: The First Thousand Years

A Luncheon Lecture with Robert Louis Wilken
When: Tuesday, March 24, 2015 at 12 Noon | Lunch will be served
Where: Ben Franklin Room (Houston 218)
How did a community that was largely invisible in the first two centuries of its existence go on to remake the civilizations it inhabited, culturally, politically, and intellectually? Beginning with the life of Jesus, Robert Louis Wilken narrates the dramatic spread and development of Christianity over the first thousand years of its history. Moving through the formation of early institutions, practices, and beliefs to the transformations of the Roman world after the conversion of Constantine, he sheds new light on the subsequent stories of Christianity in the Latin West, the Byzantine and Slavic East, the Middle East, and Central Asia.[1]
In this luncheon lecture, Dr. Wilken will be speaking about the book that was ten years in the making.
Photo Credit: Stephen Weigel,
Photo Credit: Stephen Weigel,

Robert Louis Wilken is an Emeritus William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of the History of Christianity at the University of Virginia and a Distinguished Fellow at the St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology. Wilken is a highly distinguished scholar of early Christianity, and author of numerous books, including The First Thousand Years: A Global History of Christianity (Yale, 2012), The Spirit of Early Christian Thought: Seeking the Face of God (Yale, 2005), The Christians as the Romans Saw Them (Yale, 2003), and Remembering the Christian Past (Eerdmans, 1995).

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How to Have Better Fights About Religion

A Conversation with Leah Libresco

When: Wednesday, March 18, 2015 at 8:00 p.m.
Where: Shotel Dubin Auditorium, Penn Hillel | 215 South 39th Street

It’s hard to have good arguments about religion. All too often, we either avoid voicing religious disagreements altogether or end up talking past one another. With this lecture and practical workshop, Leah Libresco, a Yale alumna and Christian convert from atheism, seeks to help foster a culture of rational debate about religion on campus.

The first step in having a good argument is accurately representing the views of your opponent. According to Libresco, in order to have good fights about religion, we need to learn about the religious perspectives we disagree with (or think we disagree with!). Libresco developed a method of argument called an ‘Ideological Turing Test’, by which one is tested to see if one can accurately reflect the views of one’s interlocutor. She’ll be giving a short lecture about why rational argument about religion is important, then leading the audience in an ‘Ideological Turing Test’ and teaching them how to do it themselves.

Photo from American Magazine.
Photo from American Magazine.

Leah Libresco is a writer and school systems analyst based in Washington, D.C. A former atheist blogger and writer for the Huffington Post, Ms. Libresco stunned her readers in summer 2012 when she announced that she was converting to Catholicism. Raised in an atheist household on Long Island, she had graduated from Yale University in 2011 with a B.A. in political science.[1]



Hosted by the Collegium Institute Student Association at Penn.

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[1] American Magazine

What If There Were No Tomorrow?

Finding Aristotle’s Ethics and the Good Life in Bill Murray’s Groundhog Day

Second Annual Anscombe Lecture in Ethics

When: Wednesday, March 4th, 2015 at 12 Noon — Lunch will be served
Where: Amado Room, Irvine Auditorium 110 | 3401 Spruce Street


Dr. Peter Wicks,
Catherine of Sienna Fellow in Ethics, Villanova University

Peter Wicks is Catherine of Siena Fellow in the Ethics Program of Villanova University. He was born in London and educated at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. He received his PhD in Philosophy from the University of Notre Dame in 2010. His doctoral dissertation interrogated the role of language in the formation of moral judgment. He is currently working on a book on Princeton Philosopher Peter Singer and the appeal of utilitarian ethics.

To RSVP for the lunch and lecture, please click here.

The Annual Anscombe Lecture in Ethics commemorates Elizabeth Anscombe (1919 – 2001), former Penn Professor of Philosophy and one of the most influential woman philosophers and Catholic intellectuals of the modern era.

For a PDF of our event poster, please click here.

Interview with Sister Sara Butler M.S.B.T.


This interview was conducted by Meghan Cokeley, Director of the Office for the New Evangelization in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia in April, 2014 as part of the Archbishop’s Lecture Series. 

At the Archbishop’s own Year of Faith Lecture on October 1, 2013, Archbishop Chaput introduced you to the audience as a “world-class theologian.” How would you introduce yourself to your audience?

I’m from Toledo, Ohio, and I belong to the Missionary Servants of the Most Blessed Trinity (“Trinitarians”), whose motherhouse is here in Philadelphia. My community sent me to study theology, and I have been able to put my education to use in many different settings, and for the past 25 years as professor of theology at Mundelein Seminary (archdiocese of Chicago) and St. Joseph’s Seminary – “Dunwoodie” (archdiocese of New York). I have also represented the Church in ecumenical dialogues at the national and international level, and have served as a consultant to various committees of the U.S. Bishops’ Conference. In the past ten years, I’ve had papal appointments to the International Theological Commission, the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization, and the world Synods on the Word of God and the New Evangelization. My published articles appear in the major scholarly journals and as book chapters; they generally have to do with questions raised in ecumenical dialogue and in feminist theology, e.g., authority in the Church, the place of women in the Church, Mariology, and Christian Anthropology. In 2007 I published a book, The Catholic Priesthood and Women: A Guide to the Church’s Teaching, and I’m hoping to produce another, this time dealing at greater length with questions raised by feminist theology.

Recently, Pope Francis has been calling women to play a more direct and decisive role in the life of the Church. In the Church in the U.S., women make a large contribution already. For example, it is often women who run parish ministries, activities and events, lead prayer groups and most importantly, nurture and care for the faith of their children. Where do you see room for expansion, or new spheres of influence for women?

One new sphere of influence is the internet. Catholic women today contribute to the mission of the Church by publishing blogs, offering leadership on cultural issues (including issues affecting marriage and family and human rights advocacy), doing spiritual direction, and contributing as theologians and biblical scholars. I am impressed with the Catholic women who organize ministries to women and families, take bold initiatives in service to the poor, and defend the unborn, the victims of human trafficking, religious liberty, marriage, and the earth’s resources. Women around the world take corporate action as members of religious congregations, in other forms of consecrated life, and in the new ecclesial movements. Still, many women ask for opportunities to share more directly, that is, as decision-makers, not only as consultants, in matters related to Church teaching and governance. This is a real possibility for women who have theological and canonical training. A Catholic theologian has an ecclesial vocation, and participation—through independent scholarship or committee work—provides a very substantial opportunity for sharing in decision-making. Women who are canon lawyers can contribute at the diocesan level to the administration of justice or as a member of a bishop’s cabinet. Only in the past generation or two have women had access to the training that would prepare them for this kind of service. Catholic women trained as civil lawyers also have access to formal responsibilities, e.g., Mary Ann Glendon, a Harvard law professor, was a papal legate to the U.N.’s Beijing Conference on Women, was appointed president of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, and just recently also to the commission studying the affairs of the Vatican Bank. Many other women hold responsible positions in the Holy See.

What unique set of gifts do men have to bring to the life of the Church? Outside of Holy Orders, is there a unique role that men have to play?

Actually, this important question is just beginning to be investigated in Church circles. To date, attention has been riveted mostly on the equality and dignity of women. Pope John Paul’s addresses on the “feminine genius” demonstrate a serious effort to explore and identify women’s contributions, but since there is no comparable set of papal lectures on the “masculine genius,” that leaves the unfortunate impression that men constitute “normative humanity,” and women are the “other.” Conversion from this perspective is hard to achieve! Also, controversy over the ordination of women has contributed to the impression that priesthood is the vocation for men, leaving Catholic lay men without a clear positive indication of their vocation. Some theologians have been working on remedying that. I’ll say something about the results in my lecture, but I don’t presume to have the answer.

A very important moment in your own intellectual life was your change of position on the issue of women’s ordination. Would you please share with us a little bit about what happened?

In the 1970’s I fully expected the Church’s practice to change. According to many leading theologians of the day (e.g., Karl Rahner, Edward Schillebeeckx, Hans Küng, and George Tavard), there were no theological objections to this. I came to look at the question differently over a period of years, chiefly through my participation in the Anglican-Roman Catholic dialogue, in the Bishops’ Committee for a Pastoral Letter in Response to Women’s Concerns, and in a study requested by the late Cardinal Bernadin. I had assumed the question turned on the correct estimate of women’s equality with men, but gradually came to see how it also involved a correct understanding of the Catholic doctrine of the priesthood. I became increasingly critical of certain feminist arguments related to theological anthropology when I was writing a thesis for my licentiate in sacred theology. I studied the pertinent documents from the Holy See and wrote many position papers along the way. Debate with my dialogue partners from the Church of England as they prepared to vote on the ordination of women (1992) convinced me that the question touches on the constitution of the Church, as Pope John Paul II said in his apostolic letter, Ordinatio sacerdotalis §4 (1994). I could see that this topic involves the most fundamental questions: the sacraments, the nature of the human person, the structure of the Church and the way we carry out theology.   It is not easy to summarize! My motivation for studying this was not simply academic. My community’s charism is the “preservation of the faith,” and it is obvious that the faith of many Catholic women is challenged by this topic.

Your lecture title is “Collaboration of Men and Women in the Church”. What topics will you be covering in this lecture? Why is it important for Catholics to reflect on this topic?

Let me say that it will not be a practical, pastoral talk! I leave that to someone else. My interest lies in how feminist arguments on this topic have forced the clarification of important questions concerning the equality and complementarity of men and women. In my lecture, I hope to review the state of the question today, point out where progress has been made, and identify the contemporary theories about sexual difference that continue to pose obstacles to authentic collaboration. I will then consider the two sacraments “at the service of communion” (CCC 1534), Marriage and Holy Orders, to see how they offer a vision of complementarity that encourages life-giving collaboration between men and women in the communion of the Church.

Varieties of Modern Orthodoxy



When: Thursday, February 5th, 2015; 5:00 – 7:00 p.m.

Where: Shotel Dubin Auditorium (2nd floor, Steinhardt Hall, Penn Hillel Center)

The Collegium Institute welcomes Rabbi Dr. Alan Brill, the Ross-Cooperman Professor of Jewish-Christian Studies at Seton Hall University.  Dr. Brill will be lecturing on his current book-project, Varieties of Modern Orthodoxy, which explores the differences among orthodox religious groups entering modernity and assesses the wide variety of possible interactions between modernity and traditional religion.  He situates this investigation within the broader question of “What is ‘Modern” about Modern Orthodoxy?” By comparing the trajectory of Jewish Orthodoxy over the last two hundred years with that of Catholicism and Protestantism, in its many varieties, Dr. Brill will attempt to identify multiple modernities and reflect upon their implications.

Following Dr. Brill will be two discussants, Dr. Anna Bonta Moreland (Villanova) and Professor Cheikh Babou (Penn) who will extend the conversation by considering the relationship between modernity and orthodox religious movements within Christianity and Islam, respectively.

The discussion will be moderated by Professor Talya Fishman (Penn), Director of the Jewish Studies Program, which is cosponsoring this special event.

Cosponsors: Department of Religious Studies, the Jewish Studies Program, and the Program for Research on Religion & Urban Civil Society at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Light kosher refreshments will be served.

Please RSVP by clicking here. Admission is free and no ticket is required.

Note: Photo Credit for the hiker image on the homepage slider comes from this Telegraph article. Their picture attribution is to REUTERS/Imelda Medina

Feminism and Christian Anthropology

On the Collaboration of Men and Women in the Church

When: Thursday, January 22, 2015; 7:00 p.m.
Where: The Penn Newman Center, Upper Level (located at 3720 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia)

Join us for a discussion with Sister Sara Butler, M.S.B.T, a Professor Emerita of Dogmatic Theology at the University of St. Mary of the Lake.


Pope Francis has called for a “more incisive female presence in the Church,” but he supports a view of the complementarity of the sexes that many Catholic feminists find outdated. How can the equality of the sexes be reconciled with their complementarity? What issues need to be addressed in order to respond to the feminist critique? Does this problem involve the formal teaching of the Church in some way, or is it open to further investigation?

Sister Sara Butler, M.S.B.T., is professor emerita of dogmatic theology at the University of St. Mary of the Lake. She has served on the International Theological Commission and is a consultant to the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization and the U.S. Bishops’ Doctrine Committee. A former seminary teacher, she has published extensively on issues related to women and the Church.

This event is co-sponsored by the Penn Newman Center.

Admission to this event is free. RSVP Requested. No tickets necessary. Light reception to follow.
To RSVP, please click here.

For a PDF of our event poster, please click here.

The Importance of Being Catholic?

A Lecture and Conversation about the Faith of Oscar Wilde

When: November 25th, 2014; 8:00 a.m.
Where: Penn Newman Center, Lower Level (3720 Chestnut St, Philadelphia)

Paul Fortunato, Associate Professor of English, University of Houston – Downtown, and author of Modernist Aesthetics and Consumer Culture in the Writings of Oscar Wilde (Routledge, 2007).

Oscar Wilde was received into the Catholic Church on his death bed, but critics are divided as to how sincere his conversion was. We will discuss Wilde’s faith journey, from his days at Oxford, when he first thought of becoming Catholic, through his fast and furious days of success as a London playwright, through his time in prison for his homosexuality, and beyond.

Drawing for Wilde’s short story, “The Selfish Giant” by Walter Crane.
Drawing for Wilde’s short story, “The Selfish Giant” by Walter Crane.


For those interested, the lecture is preceded by Mass at 7:30 a.m.

To register for the event, please visit our Eventbrite page at:

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Please click here for a PDF if you are interested in reading Oscar Wilde’s short story “The Selfish Giant”.


Why Biology Still Needs Teleology

A Modern Aristotelian Account of Life, Knowledge, and Health


When: Thursday, November 13th, 2014; 5:00 p.m.
Where: College Hall 209, Penn Campus, Philadelphia

Featuring: Dr. Robert C. Koons, Professor of Philosophy at University of Texas at Austin. He specializes in philosophical logic and in the application of logic to long-standing philosophical problems, including metaphysics, philosophy of mind and intentionality, semantics, political philosophy and metaethics, and philosophy of religion.

With Comment By: Dr. Harun Küçük, Assistant Professor in the Department of History and Sociology of Science at Penn, and a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. He has written extensively on issues relating to History of Early Modern Science, Science and Religion, and the Enlightenment.

Moderated By: Dr. Peter Dodson, Professor of Anatomy and Paleontology at the University of Pennsylvania. He is co-editor of The Dinosauria, a definitive scholarly resource, and the author or co-author of more than one hundred academic papers and books, including The Horned Dinosaurs (Princeton, 1996). He is a Senior Fellow at the Collegium Institute.

The Aristotelean notion of teleology explains the existence or functions of purposes in nature. This was a predominant view until the Galilean Scientific Revolution in the 17th century, and especially the death of vitalism and the rise of Darwinian evolutionary theory (in the 18th and 19th centuries respectively), when biologists started treating teleology as an outdated notion. At best, they have considered it a heuristic device or useful fiction.
Professor Robert C. Koons believes that this position is untenable, for biological inquiry exists primarily for the sake of biological knowledge, and biological knowledge is inextricably bound up with teleological concepts, like that of gene or enzyme. During the event, Professor Koons will explain his view that the very possibility of rational thought and knowledge depends upon a teleological foundation. Through this interesting discussion, he will ultimately explain how this proposition has great implications for biomedical ethics and the vocation of the physician. 
Cosponsored by the Department of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania.To RSVP for this event, please click here.

Click here for a PDF of our event poster.